Some believe that wind turbines are sickening people. Might there be anything to this?
Today we’re going to take a look into the high-powered world of wind generated electricity, and of one of its alleged side-effects: Wind Turbine Syndrome. For the past few years, a growing number of activists have charged that proximity to a wind turbine causes detrimental medical effects in humans. It’s called Wind Turbine Syndrome, and depending on who you ask, it causes everything from fatigue to cancer. Is it possible that such a relatively simple and common machine could be sickening people?
For a long time, these giant modern windmills, usually clustered in wind farms, were known only to be ugly and annoying, as well as visually distracting. Other than being audible, mainly from the industrial roar of an air conditioning unit attached to the larger ones, they are not known to have any other environmental effects.
I wanted to hear what they sound like, so I went out to some nearby, some really huge 3-bladed ones that are pretty typical. I found that the air conditioners, which appear to be the same size and type as my own at my house, were the only audible noise. However, when you stand almost directly under the blades, you can hear a faint whoosh as each blade goes by. Here is a recording I made by pointing my phone up at the blades:
Note that it’s really hard to hear anything other than the hum from the air conditioners. Here’s another I found online:
And here’s one more, said to be from a smaller wind turbine on a really windy day, note how you can hear the blades better:
Things changed in 2009, when a New York pediatrician, Dr. Nina Pierpont, self-published a pamphlet she called Wind Turbine Syndrome: A Report on a Natural Experiment. Her “natural experiment” was to speak on the telephone with 23 people who answered her advertisement asking if they lived near a wind turbine and if they ever felt sick. 15 of them of them said they had family members who would probably agree. Based on these 38 personal assessments, Pierpont claimed science proved her belief that wind turbines cause a vast array of maladies.
A number of activists, including a handful of other doctors, have joined her crusade, convinced that wind turbines are causing a huge number of physical ailments that we all previously took for granted. Unfortunately, she has failed to win any significant support from the science or medicine communities. Let’s now look at six reasons why that’s the case:
Problem #1: There is no consensus on what it does or who it affects.
The first thing you’ll notice if you do any independent research on Wind Turbine Syndrome is how non-specific it is. Do pay attention to the fact that every article lists different causes and different effects. Is it sound, light, radio frequency, electromagnetism? Does it cause headaches, cancer, irritable bowel syndrome, dizziness, chronic fatigue, multiple sclerosis?
Just about everyone who’s written about Wind Turbine Syndrome has a different idea about what it is and what it does. This fact doesn’t prove anything, but it should serve as a radiantly waving red flag to warn you that the subject might be something upon which there’s little agreement. And, on matters of sound science, there’s generally at least a standard model of some kind. So while this doesn’t prove anything, it should give any responsible researcher cause to reconsider.
Problem #2: The symptoms attributed to Wind Turbine Syndrome do not require any cause.
The complaints boil down to a few basic symptoms that are most often reported: fatigue, headaches, anxiety, insomnia, dizziness, irritability. These are among what we call “symptoms of life” — things that happen to everyone very often, none of which require a specific cause. We all feel fatigued sometimes, we all get headaches, everyone’s got anxiety about something, and we all sometimes have trouble sleeping. In other words, the symptoms of Wind Turbine Syndrome are indistinguishable from normal, healthy responses to life.
I searched and searched, and have found exactly zero blinded studies done to see if the proximity of active wind turbines produces a physiological reaction that deviates from the norm. So at this point, there is no reliable evidence that the problem exists at all. There are any number of personal stories — Nina Pierpont relates dozens on her web site — but without any controlled study, her reports of those people’s personal beliefs tell us nothing.
Problem #3: The timing of complaints is too unlikely.
If wind turbines did cause medical problems, we would expect to find a relationship between when they are installed and when people begin experiencing symptoms. But we don’t.
Nina Pierpont’s Wind Turbine Syndrome web site tells us that symptoms come on as early as ten minutes after getting close to a turbine. The first complaints, though, began not within minutes or days, but more than ten years after people began to be exposed.
- Skeptoid #388: 6 Problems with Wind Turbine Syndrome (skeptoid.com)
- Bill would promote bogus wind-turbine syndrome lawsuits in Wisconsin (grist.org)
- CapeCod turbines causing Wind Turbine Syndrome? (saveourskylineohio.com)
- Wind Turbine Syndrome is Bullshit – DownUnder (climatecrocks.com)
- Wind Turbine Syndrome Hits Cape Cod Massachusetts (consciouslifenews.com)
- Wind turbines making people sick with mysterious illnesses. (zedie.wordpress.com)