Alice-in-Wonderland-Syndrome, or AIWS, is a perceptual disorder where objects or people may seem to be out of proportion, different in size than they should be, colored strangely, or too far or too close away. The size disturbances include micropsia, where the object being looked at appears too small and macropsia, where objects seem too large. Sometimes, objects seem farther away than they should be, as in teleopsia.
If the problem is not in size or distance, it can even involve color, as in achromatopsia, where there is no perception of color. When the hallucination involves people, the person can appear too small, as in Lilliputian hallucinations (yes, this is the name of the disorder).
In a sufferer, the eye is normal and there are no defects that would lead to the perceptual distortions associated with the disorder. Instead, the problems lay in the brain. There are theories that the disorder can arise during Epstein-Barr viral infection, which causes infectious mononucleosis (IM).
Sufferers of chronic migraines have reported visual disturbances that occur prior to onset of migraine pain. AIWS is sometimes associated with these hallucinogenic migraines. The AIWS episodes can occur even without the pain of a migraine. It is not fully known why AIWS occurs, especially when it is in conjunction with migraines.
One other possible cause of AIWS is temporal lobe epilepsy. As the name implies, the temporal lobes of the brain are involved. The temporal lobes, which are at the sides of your brain, control the brain’s language center, and are an important area in auditory processing. Why AIWS may be associated with this form of epilepsy is also unknown.
- Migraine Pearls or Onions? 7/26/12 (puttingourheadstogether.com)
- For My Migraine Followers (sarahberardi.com)
- Rare Illustrations of “Alice in Wonderland” by Salvador Dali (complex.com)
- Living with Chronic Migraines. (mundaneadventurer.wordpress.com)
- Migraines (siddhealer.wordpress.com)
It is often said that people who talk to themselves must be crazy. This is not necessarily true as a new study has shown. Charles Choi has reported for Live Science “Talk to Yourself? Why You’re Not Crazy.” Researchers have found that talking to yourself might not mean you are crazy and that this can actually benefit thinking and perception.
Scientists have said that people often talk to themselves, with most doing so at least every few days. Many people even report talking to themselves on an hourly basis. Although the action of talking to oneself may appear to be irrational muttering, previous research has shown that self-directed speech can help guide children’s behavior. Kids often talk to themselves to help guide themselves step-by-step through tasks such as tying their shoelaces, with the self talking apparently reminding themselves to focus on the job at hand.
- Changing Your Negative Self Talk Into Positive Self Talk (deanrblack.com)
- What we say to ourselves and our marriage (mapenzinandoa.wordpress.com)
- The Power of Positive Self Talk (managedifficultpeople.com)
- Talk Talk (thedistinctdot.com)
- Mayo Clinic: Reduce stress by eliminating negative self-talk (guardianlv.com)
Will Hart of the University of Alabama conducted several experiments to determine how the way a person expresses or retells emotionally charged past events effects the storytellers mood. The four experiments involved asking participants to recall positive, negative and neutral events, reports the Association for Psychological Science.
Results of the study concluded that when a past negative event is described as though it were still happening – or in the present tense – participant’s moods remained negative. When describing the event as though it had already occurred – or in the past tense – the participants felt more positive. The same held true of describing positive events that have occurred in the past, with the present tense preserving the positive feeling.
The study by Will Hart, which will appear in a future issue of Psychological Science, concluded that one way to alleviate negative feelings is to phrase any discussion of negative events in the past tense, while using the present tense to describe positive events.
This appears to confirm the practice of New Age followers of the Law of Attraction that encourages participants to phrase dreams and goals in the present tense, as though they have already been achieved.